The agreement provided for a complex set of provisions relating to a number of areas, including: the Belfast Agreement is also known as the Good Friday Agreement, as it was adopted on Good Friday, 10 April 1998. It was an agreement between the British and Irish governments and most of Northern Ireland`s political parties on how Northern Ireland should be governed. The talks that led to the agreement focused on issues that had led to conflicts in recent decades. The aim was to create a new decentralised government for Northern Ireland in which unionists and nationalists would share power. Other features of the process appear to be less consistent. Overall, formal processes, particularly the Stormont negotiations, have played a very modest role at best. The combination of sterile and banned Setting105 and parties` reluctance to deal face-to-face in public relegated formal meetings to spectacle, mainly to reassure party voters that they were sticking to their intransigent positions. Even in private, the parties rarely dealt directly with the other. This underscored the importance of governments (especially the UK and Ireland, but also the US in critical moments) and Mitchell as a spectator.
The British and Irish Governments agreed to hold joint referenda on 22 May 1998. The referendum in Northern Ireland referred to the adoption of the Good Friday Agreement itself (a copy of which was published in all households) and 71% of people voted yes. The most controversial issue was Northern Ireland`s border with the Republic of Ireland. The border, which was heavily militarized during the conflict, has since become essentially invisible, with people and goods being crossed freely. This was possible largely because Ireland and the UK were part of the EU`s single market, the common set of rules that allows the free movement of goods, services, people and money within the bloc. At the same time, elections in the Republic of Ireland in February 2020 promise a changing political climate with unpredictable consequences for the island. In addition to the defeat of Varadkar`s centrist Fine Gael party, the election saw the dramatic rise of Republican Sinn Fein, who won the most votes and expanded its seats in parliament from twenty-two to thirty-seven. .